30 March 1990: CPBM formed as a territorial organisation of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
October 1990: became an independent party at its 1st Congress and the successor of the former Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC)
At its 5th Congress in December 1999, the party adopted two major programmes, The CPBM at the Turn of the Millennium and a Programme of Renewal. The first outlines the party’s more long-term programme and aims, while the second contains its proposals for solving the economic, social and political crisis in which the finds itself fifteen years after the change of regime in November 1989 and the restoration of capitalism. Its proposals include calls for an appropriate degree of state ownership in key sectors of the economy (banking, transport, telecommunications, energy, the extractive industries etc.) and the development of a modern large-scale agriculture.
The importance of winning the active support of the people for the party’s anti-crisis programme and their involvement in implementing it is stressed. To this end, the Congress also approved a popular ten-point summary of the CPBM’s proposals, called
The party vigorously opposed the ’s membership of NATO and its war of aggression against . The Congress endorsed a policy of withdrawal from NATO, after an initial stage of suspension of membership.
While supporting the processes of European integration, the Congress declared its opposition to membership of the European Union in its present form.
As the programme to be adopted at the CPBM’s 6th Congress in May 2004, Hope for the Czech Republic represents a creative application of Marxism to the new economic, social, political and cultural conditions established since the restoration of capitalism during the 1990s. It is in fact the CPBM’s alternative economic and political strategy. It details the party’s main priorities, the first of which is job creation, fairer wages for Czech workers and protection of the country’s poor and at-risk groups.
The document is divided into five sections, dealing in turn with the economic steps which the party sees as fundamental to all other aspects of the programme, the CPBM’s environmental policy, the creation of an education- and information-based society accessible to all, international affairs, including the party’s perspective on the European Left, and the creation of a civil society and law-governed democratic state. It shares Marx’s view that ”philosophers have only interpreted the world, but the point is to change it.”
At The CPBM´s VII. Congress in May 17 and 18,
At the 2002 general election the CPBM won 18.5% of the vote – compared with 11% at the previous election in 1998. It increased its number of seats in the 200-member Chamber of Deputies (the lower house of the Parliament of the ) from 24 to 41, making it the third strongest parliamentary party. At the 2006 general elections the CPBM won 12,81% of the vote, losing 15 seats in the Parliament; the CPBM keeps now 26 seats (of a total 200). It is still the third strongest parliamentary party in the
At the 2010 general election the CPBM won 11,27% of the vote, confirming its 26 seats (of a total 200). After this general election, the CPBM is the fourth strongest parliamentary party in the
At the local election in November 2002 it had 5,699 local Councillors, 374 Mayors, 362 Deputies Mayors, 2 Lords Mayors and 3 Deputies Lords Mayors. At the local elections in October 2006 it had 4,268 local Councillors, 284 Mayors and 247 Deputies Mayors.
In 2002 Senate election, to be held in the same time, it won 3 Senators (out of total 81). In the Senate election held in 2004, it won 3 Senators (of total 81).
In the EP election in June 2004, it won 25% of the
In the EP election in June 2009, it won 14.18 %, what means 4 seats in the EP.
According to the public opinion polls on voting intentions, the CPBM is currently the third strongest party. Its public support has risen since the 2002 general election to 25.6 % in April 2005 then came down to 15% before 2006 general elections and to 13.5% in April 2009 respectively.
At present, the CPBM has 66 627 members in 4 039 branches (up to 1. 1. 2010).
In 2008 the CPBM had 75 000 members. In 2006 the CPBM had 82,
Membership dues for employed members are 0.5% of earnings. However, the approximate age of Party members is very high, about 70 years of age.
a) Branches (
b) District organisations, led by District Committees (
c) Regional Committees (14, following the local government structure)
d) Central organisation:
1. National Congress (held once every four years). The last was held in May 2012, where each of the 454 delegates.
2. Central Committee: 93 members. 86 of them each represent a district organisation; they are nominated by pre-congress district conferences and confirmed by the National Congress.
3. Executive Committee: 21 members, elected by the CPBM Central Committee.
4. Leadership (currently after VIII. Congress to be held between May 19 and 20, 2012)
· President, elected directly by the Congress - Vojtech FILIP.
· 1st vice-president and 2 vice-presidents, elected by the Central Committee: currently, Petr SIMUNEK, 1st vice-president, and two vice-presidents, Jiri DOLEJS and Miloslava VOSTRA.
The party is financed from the following sources: membership dues, donations from supporters, a state grant based on election results, and rental income from rooms in the Central Committee building.
Annual budgets have been prepared, to be based on the law on political parties.
The party works closely with the Communist Union of Youth (KSM), and Young Communists of Czechoslovakia´s Union. Party members are active in a wide range of civic organisations: the Trade Union Association of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia (OSCMS, member of WFTU), Left Women’s Clubs (LKZ), Clubs of the Czech Borderlands (KCP), Committee of National Culture (VNK), senior citizens' organisations etc.
The CPBM maintains contacts with more than a hundred communist, left and workers’ parties all over the world. Its closest partners include the Communist Party of Slovakia, the Communist Party of RF, the Communist Party of Greece, AKEL (Cyprus), the Portuguese Communist Party, The Left in Germany, the French Communist Party, the Communist Party of Spain, the Party of Communist Refoundation (Italy), the Party of Italian Communists, the Communist Party of Ukraine, the Communist Party of Cuba, the Communist Party of China, the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Communist Party of India and Communist Party of India (M), the Japanese Communist Party, the South African Communist Party etc. There are also many local and regional contacts. Information and experiences are exchanged with these parties. The party receives no financial or material support from abroad.
a) Central Committee: UV KSCM, Politickych Veznu 9, 110 00
Fax: + 4202 22 89 72 07
b) The Head-lady of the CC’s Department of International Relations is:
Vera FLASAROVA (former MEP) Phone: + 4202 22 89 74 28,
Fax: + 4202 22 89 74 49, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
c) The head of PR Relations of the Party´s Central Committee is Vera ZEZULKOVA, who can be contacted at the Central Committee’s address (see above).