Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) was officially registered by
I. regular Congress of the KSČM was held in October 13 and 14,
II. Congress of the KSČM was held in December 12 and 13,
III. Congress was convened into Prostějov, to be held in June 26, 1993, to deal with contradictions beginning to emerge inside of the party. The Congress took a decision to preserve the name of the party, advocating the Programme from Kladno. Doc. PhDr. Miroslav Grebeníček vas elected a new Chairman.
Some smaller groups separated gradually from the KSČM, being not satisfied by the Congress result, to create their own parties. Just so were created the Party of Democratic Left (SDL), the Left Bloc (LB), and later also the Party of Czechoslovak Communists (SČK). After founding of the LB, which overtook the name of the origin election coalition of the KSČM and the DL, the work of the coalition was stopped, and the KSČM had to establish its own parliamentary group in the national parliament.
Both the stabilization of the party and the membership's agreement with both the strategy and the programme directipn to be driven by the KSCM after its III. Congress, were confirmed also in the IV. Congress of the KSČM to be held in Liberec, December 2, 1995.
V. Congress took place between December 4 and 5, 1999, at Žďár nad Sázavou, under higher media attention than ever before. It had been clear even before the event it would be unacceptable to change the name of the party under current situation. A variety of programmable documents was passed there. Great emphasis was also put on to intensify KSČM's work with young people. The party intended primarily to pay its attention towards socially weak strata. Doc. PhDr. Miroslav Grebeníček, CSc. remains party's president, with Vlastimil Balín to be elected 1st vice-president. On its 1st session, new Central Committee elected vice-presidents: Zuzka Rujbrová, responsible for local politics and election preparations, Jiří Dolejš, responsible for professional development, Václav Exner, responsible for party's economics, and Miloslav Ransdorf, responsible for international relations.
VI. Congress was held between May 15 and 16,
VII. Congress was held between May 17 and 18,
VIII. Congress was held between May 19 and 20, 2012, in
JUDr. Vojtěch Filip, MP, was re-elected party's president again. Petr Šimůnek, Prague City Chancellor of KSČM, was elected 1st vice-president of the KSČM's CC. Ing. Miloslava Vostrá was re-elected vice-president for economics and Ing. Jiří Dolejš was elected vice-president for professional development, civil sector and the youth.